Evidence-Based Policing Matrix
Individuals – Shapland et al. (2008) (London – Burglary)
Shapland, J., Atkinson, A, Atkinson, H., Dignan, J., Edwards, L., Hibbert, J., Howes, M, Johnstone, J., Robinson, G. and Sorsby, A. (2008), ‘Does restorative justice affect reconviction? The fourth report from the evaluation of three schemes’ (London: Ministry of Justice).
Location in the Matrix; Methodological Rigor; Outcome:
Individuals, General, Reactive; Very Rigorous; No evidence of an effect
What police practice or strategy was examined?
This report analyzes the effects of various restorative justice conference schemes. The focus of this summary is for adult offenders of robbery. Restorative justice was defined to involve: “a process whereby parties with a stake in a specific offence collectively resolve how to deal with the aftermath of the offence and its implications for the future”. Conferencing involved a face-to-face meeting between the offender and victim with a police facilitator(s). One or more supporters of the victim and the offenders were also present (family, people affected by the offence, people who are important to the offender or victim).
How was the intervention evaluated?
The experiment randomly assigned 106 robbery offenders to receive a post-plea restorative justice conference, or to court sentencing with no conference. Re-offending was examined in the context of reconviction or further offending resulting in an official disposal. Research staff determined the date when each offender was released from prison and examined whether the offender received any subsequent prison sentences over the next two years.
What were the key findings?
There was no significant difference in reconvictions within the two years of the study period between the conference group and the control group; 49% of conference offenders and 42% of the control group were reconvicted within 2 years. However, across all conference schemes, both offenders and victims were highly satisfied with the process of restorative justice and what happened in conferences. Further, there was evidence that offenders assigned to conferences were less likely to reoffend when they felt the conference had made them realize the harm done, when they wanted to meet the victim, when they were more actively involved in the conference, and when they felt that the conference had been useful
What were the implications for law enforcement?
Although restorative justice conferences did have positive effects on some offenders (depending on their experience with the conference), they did not reduce recidivism overall among adult robbery offenders. However, the conferences did improve victim and offender satisfaction with the justice process.
Where can I find more information about this intervention, similar types of intervention, or related studies?